Endometriosis is not a new thing for women, one in 10 women experience endometriosis. It May is not in a severe state, but in a minimal to moderate. Symptoms get worse during periods or we can say they show during periods. A variety of symptoms are women experience along with dysmenorrhea
. In minimal to moderate conditions, it can be treatable with medications and hormonal therapy. But when it starts interfering with your fertility surgery remains the best option like laparoscopy. We will stress laparoscopy for endometriosis.
What Is Laparoscopy?
Laparoscopy is a diagnostic method, which detects the presence of endometriosis, endometriosis cyst, or ovarian cyst, etc. the procedure is carried out by making a small incision on the belly button and taking the view inside. A laparoscope is a lighted instrument used for the procedure.
A minimal to mild endometriosis surgery can improve fertility issues. The surgery involves removing or burning the outgrowth of the endometrium or endometriosis. This diagnostic method also facilitates surgery at the same time as its detection. A laparoscopic diagnosis helps in detecting the severity of the endometriosis and ensures that there’s no other underlying condition causing the symptoms.
Surgeons insert a light instrument called a laparoscope through a small incision, instead of making a large incision. Also, if the surgeon needs further access, they can insert another surgical instrument through other small incisions. Once there is a confirmed diagnosis of the endometriosis, endometriosis cyst, or outgrown tissue, the surgeon will be able to remove visible outgrown tissues, scars,s, or cysts from your system.
Generally, the procedure takes two steps: View and remove. But it’s not always easy. The cyst, outgrowth of endometriosis, or scars can be hidden from the surgeon’s eye, being very small to spot.
Laparoscopy For Endometriosis Procedure
Before a laparoscopy, you will be advised to not eat or drink at least 8 hours before the surgery. Usually, general anesthesia is given before the procedure, although you will awake during the procedure.
To carry out the procedure, your abdomen is blown up with the gas either carbon dioxide or nitrous oxide by injecting them. Then the gas moves the abdominal wall away from the organs, making it more clear to be seen by the surgeon.
Now the surgeon makes small incisions on the abdomen to insert a laparoscope to examine the internal organs. Other incisions can be made to view the organs better. This procedure takes 30-45 minutes.
The endometriosis, cyst, or scar is removed after the final diagnosis. There are different ways to remove them. Such as cutting and removing the tissue called excision, dissolving it by laser beam, electric current, freezing called endometrial ablation
. Your gynecologist or surgeon will perform the surgery.
Ablation is the process of removing the endometriosis tissues throughout the pelvis. Yet, excision surgery is considered one of the best methods of endometriosis surgery as it aims to remove the endometrial outgrown tissues without harming the healthy tissues. The incisions are then sutured up. On account, 70% of the women haven’t experienced it again even after 5 years of the surgery.
When To Get A Laparoscopy For Endometriosis?
There are alternative methods for the treatment of laparoscopy, such as hormonal therapy. When hormonal therapy is not found enough to treat endometriosis, or if it starts interfering with the bowel, bladder, or fertility laparoscopy is recommended. Also, if there is intense abdominal pain due to endometriosis, surgery is the best option available. But laparoscopy for endometriosis is not applicable in all cases of endometriosis. This is because, when endometriosis affects other organs like the ureter and bowel, other surgeries are required to be carried out. Furthermore, for those who are in an advanced stage of endometriosis, laparoscopy may not be a suitable option.
Is Laparoscopic Surgery Safe?
Yes, laparoscopic surgery is safe and minimally invasive. It is a non-risky procedure as the proper diagnosis is done before the final surgery. The laparoscopy for endometriosis is performed under general anesthesia so that the person won’t feel any pain during the surgery. The incision is sutured and the patient got discharged on the same day. Though, food and water are inhibited 8 hours before the surgery, usually, surgeries are performed early morning. Hence, the patient needs to go empty stomach for that.
The patient should not shower for at least 48 hours after the procedure to let the incision heal.
Laparoscopy is an invasive and non-risky procedure for endometriosis. A small incision is generally made on the belly button and diagnoses the issue with an instrument called a laparoscope. Surgery can be performed at the same time as its detection if can be treated. Although the most severe types of endometriosis may not be treated by this procedure.